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El moderno sistema mundial I: La agricultura capitalista y los orígenes de la economía-mundo Europea en el siglo XVI

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Frente a la historiografía tradicional, que se mueve en el ámbito de sociedades nacionales o, cuando más, de áreas continentales o subcontinentales, El moderno sistema mundial constituye un muy ambicioso intento de reconstruir la historia de la actual sociedad capitalista partiendo, desde sus mismos orígenes, de una perspectiva global. Para el autor, la única unidad válida Frente a la historiografía tradicional, que se mueve en el ámbito de sociedades nacionales o, cuando más, de áreas continentales o subcontinentales, El moderno sistema mundial constituye un muy ambicioso intento de reconstruir la historia de la actual sociedad capitalista partiendo, desde sus mismos orígenes, de una perspectiva global. Para el autor, la única unidad válida de análisis en semejante investigación son los sistemas mundiales, debiéndose abandonar todo intento de conceptualizar el desarrollo de la sociedad actual a partir de sistemas menores. Igualmente, la cuestión del carácter capitalista o no de una sociedad sólo tiene sentido cuando se plantea al nivel de un sistema mundial. En este primer volumen de su obra, que cubre el período 1450-1640, Wallerstein traza la aparición en Europa de lo que denomina una "economía-mundo» capitalista, basada en una única división (internacional) del trabajo; y es esta economía-mundo lo que constituye el moderno sistema mundial, cuya evolución hasta convertirse en el único sistema mundial se pretende estudiar en los sucesivos volúmenes de esta obra. La fuerza del trabajo de Wallerstein se deriva de su voluntaria ruptura con los tradicionales límites interdisciplinares y de su análisis integrado de los distintos sectores ("centro», "periferia» y "semiperiferia») de la economía-mundo (por ejemplo, la Europa occidental y la América hispana), en sus relaciones mutuas y también con los sectores exteriores (la "arena exterior»: por ejemplo, el océano Indico).

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Frente a la historiografía tradicional, que se mueve en el ámbito de sociedades nacionales o, cuando más, de áreas continentales o subcontinentales, El moderno sistema mundial constituye un muy ambicioso intento de reconstruir la historia de la actual sociedad capitalista partiendo, desde sus mismos orígenes, de una perspectiva global. Para el autor, la única unidad válida Frente a la historiografía tradicional, que se mueve en el ámbito de sociedades nacionales o, cuando más, de áreas continentales o subcontinentales, El moderno sistema mundial constituye un muy ambicioso intento de reconstruir la historia de la actual sociedad capitalista partiendo, desde sus mismos orígenes, de una perspectiva global. Para el autor, la única unidad válida de análisis en semejante investigación son los sistemas mundiales, debiéndose abandonar todo intento de conceptualizar el desarrollo de la sociedad actual a partir de sistemas menores. Igualmente, la cuestión del carácter capitalista o no de una sociedad sólo tiene sentido cuando se plantea al nivel de un sistema mundial. En este primer volumen de su obra, que cubre el período 1450-1640, Wallerstein traza la aparición en Europa de lo que denomina una "economía-mundo» capitalista, basada en una única división (internacional) del trabajo; y es esta economía-mundo lo que constituye el moderno sistema mundial, cuya evolución hasta convertirse en el único sistema mundial se pretende estudiar en los sucesivos volúmenes de esta obra. La fuerza del trabajo de Wallerstein se deriva de su voluntaria ruptura con los tradicionales límites interdisciplinares y de su análisis integrado de los distintos sectores ("centro», "periferia» y "semiperiferia») de la economía-mundo (por ejemplo, la Europa occidental y la América hispana), en sus relaciones mutuas y también con los sectores exteriores (la "arena exterior»: por ejemplo, el océano Indico).

30 review for El moderno sistema mundial I: La agricultura capitalista y los orígenes de la economía-mundo Europea en el siglo XVI

  1. 5 out of 5

    Eren Buğlalılar

    EN It took 2 years for Wallerstein to find a publisher for his masterpiece. Interestingly enough, he was the famous American social scientist Charles Tilly who agreed to publish the piece in his publishing house and primed the bomb. The book is influenced from a wide range of theories and practices from Marx to Cuban Revolution. To me, its theses mark the victory for his side during the debates between the orthodox and new-left Marxists. His very insightful theses contrast with his extremely dull s EN It took 2 years for Wallerstein to find a publisher for his masterpiece. Interestingly enough, he was the famous American social scientist Charles Tilly who agreed to publish the piece in his publishing house and primed the bomb. The book is influenced from a wide range of theories and practices from Marx to Cuban Revolution. To me, its theses mark the victory for his side during the debates between the orthodox and new-left Marxists. His very insightful theses contrast with his extremely dull style. My neurons refused to fire during the chapters about the economic history of England. TR Wallerstein sonradan klasikleşen bu kitaba yayıncı bulamayınca, son noktayı koyduktan ancak iki sene sonra yayımlatabilmiş. İlginç bir buluşma bu kitap vesilesiyle yaşanmış ve kitabın yayıncısı ABD’li sosyal bilimci Charles Tilly olmuş. Dünya Sistemleri Analizi’ne giden yol uzun. Wallerstein kitabını yazarken Marx’tan başlayıp Küba Devrimi’ne uzanan bir teoriler ve pratikler tarihinden etkilenmiş. Sunduğu tezle 1960-70'lerin feodalizm-kapitalizm tartışmalarında da -bence- kendi kanadının üstünlüğünü ilan etmiş. Wallerstein Avrupa merkezli dünya sisteminin 16. yüzyılda ortaya çıktığını ve büyük atılımını Amerika'nın sömürgeleştirildiği yıllarda yaptığını söylüyor. Bu tez yazarın en önemli katkıları olarak görülen diğer tespitlere götürüyor bizi: i. Uluslararası işbölümüyle birlikte ülkeler arasındaki merkez-çevre ayrımının yapısallaşması. ii. Kapitalist pazar içim üretim yapan çevre ekonomiler, merkez ülkelerdekine benzemeyen üretim örgütlenmelerine sahip olsalar da (proletarya yerine kölecilik, yarıcılık, serflik), buraların feodal, köleci olarak değil kapitalist olarak nitelendirilmesi gerekliliği. iii. Bir organizmaya benzeyen dünya sisteminde merkez ülkeler arasında sancılı, şiddetli bir liderlik el değişimi yaşanmasının neredeyse kaçınılmazlığı. Tezlerin ilginçliği Wallerstein'ın bunaltıcı üslubuyla tezat oluşturmuş. Özellikle İngiltere'nin ekonomi tarihi tartışmasında sıkıntıdan öldüm. Bir de bu cilt daha çok Fransa, İngiltere ve İspanya gibi merkez ülkelerin gelişimine yer vermiş, Atlantik’in diğer yakası az kalmış.

  2. 4 out of 5

    Alex

    This is a great work of history but I have some caveats. I have very little ill to say about anything actually contained in the volume, it was extremely insightful and as someone trying to develop a Marxist understanding of history it was invaluable work of historical materialism. Wallerstein is phenomenal at developing the concrete relationships and tensions that would drive the leading edge of the ascent of western Europe onto the course that we recognize today. He shows how economic pressures This is a great work of history but I have some caveats. I have very little ill to say about anything actually contained in the volume, it was extremely insightful and as someone trying to develop a Marxist understanding of history it was invaluable work of historical materialism. Wallerstein is phenomenal at developing the concrete relationships and tensions that would drive the leading edge of the ascent of western Europe onto the course that we recognize today. He shows how economic pressures created drives that sometimes ran afoul of political or ideological complications and grand political politics either became mired in economic pitfalls or achieved at least a temporary coherence. My biggest disappointment was with the lack of attention paid to the victims of exploitation and colonialism. It was especially disappointing because I knew that the author was supposed to be an expert on African independence movements and I expected substantially more development of at least the economic and political structures that were put into place in order to bring these populations into the European world economy. I'm certainly no historian so these may be the tics of an academic who doesn't want to retreat ground very familiar to more expert readers (and Wallerstein certainly doesn't seem to be particularly interested in expressing anything reminiscent of agitprop in his writing) but that seems to me to be more of a failure of a bourgeois academia, but whatever. In any case, I had the great fortune to be passed several chapters from Cedric Robinson's Black Marxism which were in a similar style of historical analysis but were much more satisfying in their treatment of the historical modes of oppression and colonialism. It is something I am very strongly considering tackling next.

  3. 5 out of 5

    Sofia Pi

    I absolutely loved Wallerstein and his analysis of modern capitalism. I am looking forward to reading the next two volumes.

  4. 4 out of 5

    Emilio Quinto

    Opera straordinaria. Uno dei più importanti saggi storici del Novecento. Unica pecca: è difficile da reperire in italiano

  5. 4 out of 5

    Alex

    provides lots of detail about the rise of capitalism in Europe in the "long sixteenth century" (about 1450-1640), as a result of the exploitation of the Americas, Africa, and Asia, as well as the emergence of wage-slavery for the domestic population. also interesting is the connection to the emergence of the strong 'nation-state' and how this was both shaped by, and shaped, early capitalism. a bit dense, too detail-heavy, and at times boring, so there are probably better books out there about thi provides lots of detail about the rise of capitalism in Europe in the "long sixteenth century" (about 1450-1640), as a result of the exploitation of the Americas, Africa, and Asia, as well as the emergence of wage-slavery for the domestic population. also interesting is the connection to the emergence of the strong 'nation-state' and how this was both shaped by, and shaped, early capitalism. a bit dense, too detail-heavy, and at times boring, so there are probably better books out there about this subject. regardless, the subject is very interesting.

  6. 4 out of 5

    Marlobo

    Brillante trabajo. A mí, leer a Wallerstein me cambió la manera de ver y entender la historia y, consecuentemente el presente. Sin duda, uno de los grandes innovadores de la historiografía del siglo XX. Wallerstein habla ya en ese momento nada más y nada menos que de globalización y complejidad, palabras e ideas que tardaría casi 20 años más en ser términos corrientes. Y no sólo lo explica con claridad conceptual es notable, sino también con visión crítica. Se podrá acordar o no con sus posturas, Brillante trabajo. A mí, leer a Wallerstein me cambió la manera de ver y entender la historia y, consecuentemente el presente. Sin duda, uno de los grandes innovadores de la historiografía del siglo XX. Wallerstein habla ya en ese momento nada más y nada menos que de globalización y complejidad, palabras e ideas que tardaría casi 20 años más en ser términos corrientes. Y no sólo lo explica con claridad conceptual es notable, sino también con visión crítica. Se podrá acordar o no con sus posturas, lo que no se puede es desdeñar su construcción teórica.

  7. 4 out of 5

    Kersplebedeb

    Really good arguments, however for someone without the historical background knowledge, the level of detail was overwhelming, and in fact distracting. As were the almost unending endnotes. These are quibbles, and say more about me that about the book i am sure. Still, they made it a lot more difficult to read. Add to that the fact that almost all of the sources are secondary sources, and i am left unsure how convinced i should or should not be by the argument. That said, obviously, a massively im Really good arguments, however for someone without the historical background knowledge, the level of detail was overwhelming, and in fact distracting. As were the almost unending endnotes. These are quibbles, and say more about me that about the book i am sure. Still, they made it a lot more difficult to read. Add to that the fact that almost all of the sources are secondary sources, and i am left unsure how convinced i should or should not be by the argument. That said, obviously, a massively important book.

  8. 5 out of 5

    Tim

    An interesting theory as to the origins of capitalism, but the writing is pretty atrocious and I'm not sure I follow his reasoning (nor am I sure that he follows his own reasoning)

  9. 5 out of 5

    !Tæmbuŝu

    KOBOBOOKS

  10. 5 out of 5

    Laurie Blome

  11. 5 out of 5

    Brandon Wu

  12. 4 out of 5

    منى قدري

  13. 5 out of 5

    Alen

  14. 5 out of 5

    Ricardo

  15. 5 out of 5

    Sangjoon

  16. 4 out of 5

    Sonicsputnick

  17. 4 out of 5

    Todd

  18. 4 out of 5

    Kirill Lysov

  19. 5 out of 5

    Emre Sunu

  20. 4 out of 5

    Rafael Munia

  21. 5 out of 5

    Raphael Cruz

  22. 5 out of 5

    Mikhail

  23. 4 out of 5

    Brandon Wallace

  24. 4 out of 5

    Maja Solar

  25. 4 out of 5

    Omar

  26. 5 out of 5

    Duatretrongdem

  27. 4 out of 5

    Jan-Frederik

  28. 5 out of 5

    Adam Elkus

  29. 4 out of 5

    Alan Bickley

  30. 4 out of 5

    Inna

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